Kidney transplantation is a treatment of kidney failure. It is surgical procedure to change renal. Health of kidney or other organ is direct related to Nutritional diet
Grafting a kidney from a compatible donor to restore kidney functions in a recipient suffering from kidney failure is called Renal or kidney transplantation.
History of kidney transplantation:-
First kidney transplant was performed between identical twins in 1954 by Dr. Charles Hufnagel, a Washington surgeon. India’ s first kidney transplant was done on december 1, 1971 at Christian Medical college, Vellore, Tamil Nadu. The recipient was a 35 years old person Shaninughan.
All patients with terminal renal failure are considered eligible for kidney transplantation, except those at risk from another life-threating diseases.
How to select Donors for Transplantation:-
A living donor can be used in a kidney transplant. It may be an identical twin, a sibling, or a close relative. If the living donor are not available, a cadaveric donor may be used (cadaver is a dead body). Over half of the kidney are from dead body.
Success Rate of Kidney transplantation:-
A kidney transplant from an identical twin, called isogeneic graft or isograft is always successful. A renal transplant from a sibling or a close relative or a dead body ( cadaver), termed allogeneic graft.
Homograft or allogenic graft is usually successful with the used of immunosuppressant that prevent graft rejection by body’s immune responses. Many renal transplant recipients are known to have retained functional grafts for over 20 years.
Earlier, renal transplantation was limited to patients under 55 years. Now, however, with better techniques, kidney grafting has been done in selected patients in the 7th decade of life.